With some exceptions, Italian movements against mafia are still an unexplored field of research. However, grassroots forms of resistance have always been present in Sicily and in other regions of Italy. In the past months, I began to work on activists who mobilize against mafia – and corruption – in different Italian regions in the framework of the Anticorrp research project funded by the European Commission.
The very first outcome is a short essay on the main features of Italian social movements against mafia, recently published in the second volume of the “Atlante delle Mafie. Storia, Economia, Cultura e Societa’” (Rubbettino 2013) edited by Enzo Ciconte, Francesco Forgione and Isaia Sales.
The short essay summarize starts from existing literature on the topics to summarize the different seasons of the anti-mafia mobilizations in Italy: peasants struggles that began at the end of the Nineteenth Century and developed till the 1950s and the 1960s; the two waves of protests related to the murder of Carlo Alberto dalla Chiesa, in the 1980s, and of Giovanni Falcone and Antonio Borsellino, in the 1990s; and, also, the most recent mobilizations against mafia, like the experience of Addio Pizzo in Sicily, in which political consumerisms is seen as an important means to fight against organized crime. The short essays ends suggesting that social movement literature might offer some relevant analytical lense to understand recent transformations of grassroots opposition to organized crime in Italy and that there is an urgent need to explore collective actions against mafia in other, less explored, regions of Italy than Sicily.